Language Family: Western Iranian group of Iranian branch of Indo-European

Location: Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria

Related Languages: Persian-Farsi

Professional Associations/Organizations

Middle East Studies Association (MESA)
From About: "MESA is a private nonprofit, nonpolitical organization of scholars and other persons interested in the study of the Middle East, North Africa and the Islamic world. MESA is dedicated to promoting high standards of scholarship and instruction, to facilitating communication among scholars through annual meetings and publications, and to promoting cooperation among those who study the Middle East."

Association for Persian Language, Linguistics and Computing (APL2C)
Administrated from the Centre for Cognitive Science, University of Edinburgh. "The main focus of APL2C is to provide an environment for further communication among people working on different aspects of Iranian languages and people working in Speech processing and Natural Language Processing (NLP), in Computational Linguistics and Linguistics."

Kurdish Institute of Paris
Links to language courses, cultural activities, scholarship, publications, and more.

Mega Resource Sites

Kurdish Information Network
Links to resources in Kurdish Culture, Language, Music, and History.

Kurdish Worldwide Resources
"KWR Believes in an Independent Kurdistan." Links (not all functioning) to Kurds and Kurdistan, Land and Ecology, Nation, History Language, Literature and more.

From About on English version: "The Kurdistan Web (KurWeb) is a platform providing independent information on Kurds and their human heritage." Link here for Kurdish version.

Kurdish Links
Kurdish News, Links and Resources, Kurdish Organizations, Institutes and Political Parties, Journals and Newspapers, Good Home Pages, Miscellaneous.

Online Language Materials/Tutorials

Yahoo! Kurdish Language Search
Large collection of sites, many of which are noted below.

Kurdish Virtual Academy of Language
Very rich site with articles in English on Alphabet, Grammar, Dialects, etc.

UCLA Language Materials: Kurdish Language Profile
Basic description of language and dialects.

Kurdish Language and Linguistics
A rich site with many links produced by the Kurd_lal Committee in U.K. Several links from this site are noted below.

An Introductory Course on Kurdish Language [Kurmanji dialect]
A nine lesson online course (Kurdish-English) by F. R. Akrawy, Burhan Dinler.

A Short Grammar of Kurmanji Kurdish
"This is a short grammar of Kurmanji Kurdish from Baran Rizgar dictionary of Kurdish-English and English Kurdish [Rizgar 1993]. Baran gives a comprehensive and systematic account of grammar of Kurmanji Kurdish (as spoken in Kurdistan region in Turkey). He discusses noun and verb inflection and illustrates the concept of ergativity in Kurmanji Kurdish (Kurdica editor)."

Grammar of the Kurmanji or Kurdish Language
By E.B. Soane, LONDON, 1913. 290 pages in PDF

Kurdish Grammar (in Kurdish)
Reference: Grammar of Kurdish, Ahmad qazi, salahedin ayobi Publications, Urmia, Iran, 1988.

Kurdish-English Corpus of Idioms and Proverbs
"This document is based on: Qadir FitahI Qazi, emsalû hikem Kurdî (Kurish Proverbs), Tabriz univ. press, Iran, 1985." Also see: Kurdish Idioms.

Gender in Kurdish
An article in English written by By D.N. MacKenzie

Online Dictionaries

Kurdish-English-Kurdish Dictionary
From University of Arizona. Kurdish-English-Kurdish online dictionary with 12000 words. Also has Kurdish-French-Kurdish version, Kurdish Spelling Check, and "Hard Games" - Try to guess the Kurdish word inside the box.

Kurdish-English-French-Turkish Online Dictionary
A work in progress from the Kurdish Institute of Paris.

English-Kurdish Dictionary
More a glossary than dictionary. Very slow.

Turkish-Kurdish Dictionary

Online Kurdish-English Dictionary
"This is an On-line Kurdish-English dictionary, under construction. Right now it contains only words with the alphabet A and B within limits, it will be completed successively."

Country Studies/Culture Sites

NOTE: The Kurdish people have no homeland and are spread throughout an area that includes parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. The exception is the Kurdistan Regional Government, the authority that rules over much of the liberated area of Iraqi Kurdistan. Consequently, country study resources are few. Additional information on Kurds may be found in links to the above-noted countries which are included at the end of this section.

Political Resources on the Net - Kurdistan
Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.

The World Bank Group
This site is undergoing construction problems; however preset links to WBG Search - Kurdistan functions.

Human Rights Watch - Site Search for Kurdistan
Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world. The "Info by Countries" link on the homepage provides index to individual countries where the organization finds abuses.

KUrdistan Regional Government
"The KRG is... the authority that rules over much of the liberated area of Iraqi Kurdistan. Its domain includes the provinces of Erbil and Duhok with the city of Erbil as its capital." See Resources for articles and news on KRG.

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
PUK struggles to attain the right of self-determination for the people of Kurdistan.

Media Sites
Kurdistan Media Links
Large collection of links to Radio Stations, Newspapers, Magazines etc., in Kurdish, Farsi, and English.

Voice of America - Kurdish Service
Recorded broadcasts and schedules.

Rojname News Network
Television and radio programs and more can be downloaded from this Independent Kurdish Web Portal.

Kurdish Observer
Kurdish Observer provides news from all over the world, carried out by Özgür Politika correspondents and news agencies

Yahoo! News - Kurdish Issues
News reports related to Kurds from a variety of sources.

"Your Weekly Newspaper from the heart of Kurdistan Hawlati is a general political weekly issued by Ranj print - shop." In Kurdish and English.